Mitsubishi as a motor-car manufacturer was born as one of branches of the diversified concern, one of pre-war дзайбацу, the large corporation which were engaged in oil refining, light industry, building of courts, metallurgy, trade in the real estate, insurance and many other things. The sphere of interests Mitsubishi included even brewery. For example, the mitsubishi engine parts well-known mark of Japanese beer Kirin is obliged by origin Mitsubishi. This versatile giant has been based by the enterprising descendant of Samurais – Yataro Iwasaki. which was born in 1835, as the teenager has started to work in судовладельческой the company belonging самурайскому to clan Тоса where has achieved certain career heights and in 35 years (in 1870) has created the own company, having rented at Тоса three steamships and naming child Tsukumo Shokai. Then the name Yataro Iwasaki has exchanged - in 1872 on Mitsukawa Shokai, in 1874 on Mitsubishi Shokai, and, at last, in 1875 on Mitsubishi Mail Steamship Company.
The word "mitsubishi" is translated as "three brilliants" and has occurred from chosen for the company of an emblem. The emblem has turned out thus: has connected the arms of the clan (three rhombuses one over another) and the arms of clan Тоса (oak leaves). By the way, many years the question on why did not use in the name of the company of an own surname caused disputes. It thus obviously not mitsubishi parts used was guided by modesty - about it write as about the self-confident, aggressive head; as the reason that it has been obliged by the initial achievements to clan Тоса has more likely served - without this family it would reach nothing. So clan Тоса, more precisely, its arms, has served as the reason of that now we mitsubishi engine parts go by cars of mark Mitsubishi, instead of Iwasaki. The emblem has also semantic filling: three brilliants symbolise three principles of work of the company: a civil responsibility, honesty, and also an openness for the international cooperation.
Mitsubishi, as well as the others самурайские concerns, during pre-war time adhered to a state policy. And as in the end of XIX century and in the First World War Japan adhered to aggressive military strategy, Mitsubishi accepted the most active participation in army building, letting out planes and warships. The motor industry at that time was not considered mitsubishi parts used as profitable business - few cars issued in Japan gathered manually, on what a lot of time and forces left. But in 1917 Mitsubishi has let out known Model A, the first Japanese car collected on the conveyor. Though it was not in demand and in 1921 has been laid off, the society has estimated it so highly, that it became an exhibit of the industry of Japan in 1922
However, cars nevertheless did not represent for Japan that time of such interest, as buses and lorries. In 1918 Mitsubishi has let out the first lorry - T1. The government of Japan has financed its 1000-kilometre test for reliability which it has successfully passed. In 1923 Mitsubishi has started to let out heavy lorries which have been claimed by the Japanese army and have appeared irreplaceable at restoration of Tokyo after earthquake.
1930th years became for Mitsubishi decade of successes and introductions of new ideas and own workings out; at this time Mitsubishi all time created something "the first in Japan". So, in 1931 the first Japanese diesel engine with direct injection - model 450AD capacity of 70 h.p. has been created; in 1932 the first bus of the company - B46, the biggest and powerful for that time (buses of this model in 1930th years were exported to China) has been let out; in 1934 there was a prototype of all-wheel drive passenger car PX33, in 1935 - diesel buses BD46 and BD43, and also форкамерный diesel engine SHT6, and in 1936 - the lorry with diesel engine TD45. Diesel engines all time were improved, new, their improved versions were mitsubishi parts used developed. And in 1937 experimental manufacture of lorries with a full drive (4WD) has begun. Besides, in 1934 as a result of merge of aviabuilding and shipbuilding branches of concern Mitsubishi there was group Mitsubishi Heavy Industry which was becoming by the supplier of the Japanese army both letting out the fighting ships and planes. The same group let out diesel cars. In 1930th years Mitsubishi became the second-large concern of Japan (after Mitsui).
In the end of the Second World War, in 1945, having a presentiment of defeat, (fourth president Mitsubishi from family Ивасаки, has headed concern in 1916) has sold about half of actions to private investors and has acted with peaceful statements. However, it has not helped - family Ивасаки has lost the full control over Mitsubishi, and after war the occupational oem mitsubishi parts authorities have under compulsion started to split up mitsubishi parts warranty for the small companies - in order to avoid revival of military-industrial power of Japan. In 1946 Mitsubishi it has been broken into 44 independent companies, and in 1950 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries have divided into three regional companies participating in working out and manufacture of cars.
The national economy after war laid in ruins; reliability and profitability were the main requirements to cars - fuel did not suffice. In 1946 Mitsubishi has let out the car meeting these requirements - small three-wheeled lorry "Mizushima" load-carrying capacity of 400 kg, inexpensive, reliable, economic. The motor scooter "Silver Pigeon" and bus B1 which could work both on gasoline, and on alternative fuel has been the same year let out. The further development of manufacture of buses and lorries has proceeded occurrence in 1947 of first trolley bus Mitsubishi MB46 and in 1950 - the first in Japan заднемоторного bus R1.
On the termination of occupation of Japan in 1952 the economic policy of allied armies is a little weakness, that has given stimulus for industry development. The companies to which concern Mitsubishi has broken up, again began to use this name (that was earlier forbidden) and emblem Mitsubishi. In 1954 some enterprises have united again in Mitsubishi Corporation, but many have continued to develop independently, having turned now in the large companies; nearby 20 from them have kept in the names word Mitsubishi.
In the field of motor industry (which for that time it continued to be limited to lorries and buses) Mitsubishi has continued the первооткрывательскую tradition, in 1951 having let out Т31 - the 8-ton lorry with original type of the chassis, then Т33 - the first Japanese lorry with a pneumosuspension bracket and Т380 - the first Japanese lorry with a folding cabin, without a cowl. In 1952 left R2 - the lorry with a back arrangement of the engine; then Mitsubishi has carried out the first large export delivery - buses B25 have been Mitsubishi spare parts sent to Thailand. Next year 300 buses R32 have been exported to Chile and 300 more - in 1956. Besides release of buses and lorries, in 1959 Mitsubishi has let out Leo - a small three-wheeled truck.
In 1960th years the economy of Japan has entered the period of the rapid development. Incomes and the general standard of living of the population have raised and, as consequence, there was a demand for cars. Mitsubishi in 1960 has let out on the oem mitsubishi parts market car Mitsubishi 500 - the economic sedan which calculated on the mass consumer and has won the big popularity. Same year manufacture of small buses of series Rosa with petrol and diesel engines, and in the following, 1961 has begun, model Mitsubishi 360 which have become by a basis for model Minica (let out in 1962) has been let out - The 4-seater car of a compact class. Minica it was well on sale, assessed with the low tax (as the working volume of the engine was only 359 cubic sm), was reliable and economic. In other class - larger and comfortable - debuted in the same 1962 Colt 600, and Mitsubishi 500 has won the class in Grand prix of Macao - so Mitsubishi for the first time has acted on arena of world motor racing. At the same time the company expands scale of commercial cars - in 1963 there was a family of easy lorries Canter.
In 1964 there was a merge of three companies into which in due time it has been broken Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Then Mitsubishi presented model Debonair - the representation car with the 6-cylinder engine. In 1965 there was model Colt 800, and in 1966 Colt F3-A has won race Japan Grand Prix Formula Car Race, there were models Colt 1000F and Colt 1100, and also model Minicab. In 1967 Colt F2-A wins Japan GP Formula Car Race, and in 1968 Colt F2-B has won Formula Car Race and Speed Cup Race in the Fifth Grand prix of Japan; Colt 1000F has won third rally Southern Cross. In the same 1968 manufacture of 600-kilogramme pickup Delica has begun, and also the fast has been let out for that time the bus - B906R, capable to accelerate momentum 140 km/h. In 1969 Mitsubishi has presented sedan Colt Galant which has become by demonstration of front lines for that moment of achievements technicians and design and the ancestor of the whole family of popular cars. The lineup of commercial cars extended also; the second generation of model Minica has been started in manufacture.
By the end of 1960th years Mitsubishi has won reputation of the manufacturer of cars of high quality, automobile manufacture has taken so big place that has ripened necessity of creation of the uniform corporation uniting all operations, connected with cars. To it became created in 1970 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation. Same year presented model Colt Galant GTO and 2-dvernyj Galant Hardtop, and also Galant Station Wagon. In 1972 Galant 16GLS has won 7th Rally Southern Cross which was passing in Australia. Further cars Mitsubishi very well acted in world motor racing and continue to act to this day, winning all new and new awards. However, besides motor racing, Mitsubishi developed ecological projects (for example, engines of series MCA - Mitsubishi Clean Air), called to reduce environmental contamination, and also formed international дистрибьюторскую a network. In 1973 model Lancer and the second generation of model Galant have been started in a batch production. Then oil crisis has burst. But, unlike at once turned towards economy of fuel mitsubishi parts warranty of motor-car manufacturers, Mitsubishi has refused idea of deterioration of dynamic characteristics of engines to please profitability. Having developed in 1975 technology Silent Shaft ("a silent shaft") for the engines of series Astron 80, Mitsubishi has received for it a prize for scientific achievements from automobile technological association of Japan and has sold the licence for it Porsche Mitsubishi spare parts and Volvo. It, as well as other technological achievements Mitsubishi, has allowed it to win world oem mitsubishi parts respect for as to a motor-car manufacturer and to the Japanese motor industry as a whole. Lancer 1600GSR in 1975 continued to win rally and then model Lancer Celeste for the first time has been shown. Export of cars Mitsubishi to Europe has begun. In the following, 1976, manufacture of the third generation Galant, the second Minicab and models Galant Lambda (Mitsubishi Sapporo) has begun. Galant Sigma wins magazine Motor Fan prize "the Car of year" in a category среднеразмерных cars, and in 1977 it became the car of year in Southern Africa. In 1978 model Mirage (Colt), and also pickup Forte (L200) has been presented, and in 1979 magazine Motor Fan awards models Colt 1400 GLX a rank of the car of year in Japan, and L200 becomes a pickup of year in the USA according to opinion of magazine Pickup, Van and 4WD.
Next decade - - became 1980th years the period in which Mitsubishi aspired to expand the presence in the world market. Its development these years confirms this strategy. Having presented in 1980 the fourth generation Galant and the all-wheel drive version of pickup L200, having founded Mitsubishi Motors Australia and having developed then the first in Japan турбодизельный the engine for automobile engines Astron 2300, and in 1981 having founded Mitsubishi Motor Sales of America, in 1982 Mitsubishi has presented new model - off-road car Pajero (Montero). Pajero strikingly differed from off-road cars of that time successful design, comfort and a combination of the best dynamic and technical parametres. Except Pajero, in 1982 manufacture of model Starion (equipped system ABS), sedan Tredia and хэтчбэка Cordia, and also all-wheel drive mitsubishi parts warranty variant Delica has begun. In 1983 there was model Chariot (Space Wagon), and Pajero have won rally Paris-Dakar. They have won it and in 1984. On body parts for Mitsubishi Olympic games of 1984 to Sarajevo and on the University game of 1987 in Zagreb Mitsubishi became the official supplier of cars. Galant in 1984 has won a German prize "the Gold wheel" ("Das Goldene Lenkrad"), and Pajero wins a prize "4x4 of the Year" in France and Australia the same year and in the following, 1985 Pajero Long Wagon wins the same prize in Australia. In rally Paris-Dakar Pajero then wins absolute offset and becomes a legend among off-road cars, having won a considerable quantity of awards and a rank of the car of year in 1986 and 1987 in many countries simultaneously. Model Galant VR-4 became the car of 1987-1988 in Japan. Colt and Lancer in 1988, as well as Galant earlier, have won a prize "the Gold wheel", and Pajero became the owner "4x4 of the Year" in Austria and has received "Auto-Oscar" from западногерманоского magazine Auto Zeitung. In Bloomington (Illinois, the USA) has opened factory of joint venture Mitsubishi and Chrysler - Diamond-Star Motors Corporation. This company has begun manufacture of model Eclipse focused first of all on the American market in 1989. 1980th years have passed for Mitsubishi under the sign of continuous sports victories and expansion of sphere of the influence in the world.
In 1990th years sports victories of cars under mark Mitsubishi have proceeded - Pajero won one rally behind another. In 1990 there was sports model GTO (3000GT), become very popular. In the USA it became the best import car of 1991 according to magazine Motor Trend. But, except achievements in sports, the company was engaged also in technological workings out - on models Sigma and Diamante, started in manufacture in 1990, for the first time has been established TRC - Traction Control System (противобуксовочная system). Same year manufacture of model Minica Toppo has begun; following the results of the same year Mitsubishi Mitsubishi spare parts became the largest world manufacturer of lorries. Sigma and Diamante became cars of year in Japan of 1990-1991. 1991 has been noted by occurrence of model RVR (Space Runner), second generation Pajero on which have established new technology - Super Select 4WD and multimode system ABS and pickup Strada (L200). Mitsubishi (Austria) has established home oem mitsubishi parts nursing over festival in Bregenz and became the official autosupplier of the University game in Sapporo.
In 1992 manufacture of model Emeraude, 4-door хардтопа on the basis of Galant for the Intrajapanese market has begun, and also there was model Lancer Evolution. Systems MIVEC and INVECS have been the same year developed, has opened Mitsubishi Motors Europe Design Studio, and Pajero and Galant VR-4 again occupy podiums on rallies-spot-checks. Pajero again receives numerous prizes, it is equal as RVR, buses Mitsubishi and technology INVECS which has become by technology of year 1992-93 at Japanese research conference. In 1993 council about preservation of the environment Mitsubishi Motors has aftermarket parts for mitsubishi decided to accept and put into practice the corporate principles directed on preservation of ecological balance; model Libero EV, an electromobile on the basis of versatile person Libero is developed. There is model Lancer Evolution II, Mitsubishi Motors becomes the official sponsor of the Asian football confederation, Lancer Evolution debuts in WRC. 1994 - the beginning of release of such models, as FTO, equipped system INVECS-II and АКПП with a sports mode, Delica Space Gear (L400 / Space Gear), Pajero Mini - a small all-wheel drive off-road car with the engine in volume 660 сс. In sale also has arrived earlier developed Libero EV. FTO becomes the car of year in Japan, Lancer becomes the car of year according to prestigious magazine Car Information on Taiwan, all-wheel drive L200 in the Great Britain receives a title "Top Pickup 1994/1995" from magazine "What Van?", and oem mitsubishi parts magazine "Which Car?" Appropriates Pajero a title "4WD year 1994". In 1995 official opening of factory NedCar in Holland - joint venture Mitsubishi, Volvo and the Dutch government has taken place. At this factory Mitsubishi has made the first car in Europe - new model Carisma became them. Diamond-Star Motors Corporation, joint venture Mitsubishi and Chrysler, it was renamed in Mitsubishi Motor Manufacturing of America Inc. After Chrysler has sold the share in the enterprise. In Japan debuted Pajero Jr - a new minioff-road car for home market. The engine equipped with system GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) - direct injection of fuel has been the same year developed. GDI allows the engine to possess powerful dynamic characteristics at the improved ecological indicators and profitability. Technology GDI has received a prize "Design and technology" prestigious English automobile magazine Car the same year and has been awarded numerous awards later. Lancer, Pajero and Lancer Evolution in 1995 continued to gain sports victories in rally. In 1996 model Challenger, Legnum has been let out, and also the first turn of building of proving ground Tokachi to Hokkaido has been finished. In 1998 there were such models, as Pajero iO (Montero iO / Pajero Pinin), Space Star, Dingo, and in 1999 - the luxury sedan Proudia, called to replace a lineup leader - Debonair, Town Box (new generation of model Minicab). Engines with system Mitsubishi spare parts GDI have been established on body parts for Mitsubishi many models. 1990th years have passed for Mitsubishi under the sign of a large quantity of victories of cars of the company in rally, sets of awards which have received its cars and technological workings out.
2000 became year when Mitsubishi and DaimlerChrysler have signed the agreement on a strategic alliance which has allowed them to enter into a three of in the lead world automobile giants. Factory NedCar has let out the million aftermarket parts for mitsubishi car. Manufacture of models Pajero III and Dion has begun. In 2001 in Japan there has passed presentation of models eK-Wagon and Airtrek, and model Lancer Evolution has received the figure already equal 7 (now it is let already out Lancer Evolution VIII) in the name. Today Mitsubishi - one of the largest world motor-car manufacturers, with the broadest lineup - from minicars to heavy lorries and a special equipment. Victories of cars Mitsubishi in world rally are conclusive and numerous; its models are awarded huge number of awards.